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Interpretation of National Basic Public Health Service Project Policy

Source: Time:2011-05-18 16:48:22 浏览次数:

At present, the national basic public health service project has 12 contents. Health management, health education, prevention of vaccination, health management of children aged 0-6 years, maternal health management
Q: What is the basic national public health service project?
A: At present, the national basic public health service project has 12 contents. Health management, health education, prevention of vaccination, health management of children aged 0-6 years, maternal health management, health management of the elderly, health management of chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes mellitus), management of patients with major mental illness, tuberculosis Patient health management, infectious diseases and public health incident reporting and handling services, Chinese medicine health management, health supervision and coordination services.
       Q: How is the national basic public health service project determined?
A: According to the state of economic and social development, the state should consider the maximum support capacity of the government's finances and determine the compensation standard for the basic public health service projects. On this basis, the state to identify the impact on the health of the residents, the prevalence and seriousness of the major public health problems, according to the health needs of residents, the implementation of health interventions and the feasibility of the effectiveness of a variety of factors, Priority national basic public health services project, and strive to make limited resources applied to the most closely related to the health of residents on the issue, so that the basic public health project work to achieve the best results.
Q: What is service equalization? Is it average?
A: The national basic public health service equalization refers to each citizen of the People's Republic of China, regardless of gender, age, race, place of residence, occupation, income, can be equal access to basic public health services. It is understandable that the right to the service of all is the same and that the opportunity is equal when the residents are required to obtain the relevant basic public health services. But it does not mean that everyone must get exactly the same, without any difference in basic public health services. At present, many of the basic public health services provided by the state are targeted to key populations, such as elderly, maternal, children aged 0 to 6, health management of chronic diseases such as hypertension, etc., so equalization is not average.
Q: Who will enjoy basic public health services?
A: Any citizen of the People's Republic of China, whether urban or rural, household or non-resident resident population, can enjoy the national basic public health services. Different services have different clients, which can be divided into: public health services for all groups, such as the establishment of resident health records, health education services, infectious diseases and public health services incident reporting and handling, and the Health Supervision Association Management services. Public health services for specific ages, sexes, people, such as vaccination, maternal and child health management, and elderly management. Public health services for people with disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and health management for patients with severe mental illness.
Q: Who can provide national basic public health services?
A: Basic public health services mainly by the township hospitals, village clinics, community health service centers (stations) responsible for the specific implementation. Village health room, community health service stations were accepted township hospitals and community health service center business management, reasonable commitment to basic public health services. Other primary health care institutions can also be in accordance with the deployment of government departments to provide appropriate services.
Q: Do residents need to pay for basic public health services?
A: The basic public health services provided by the provisions of the service by the state for urban and rural residents free of charge, the funds required by the Government to bear the residents of the service within the service does not need to pay the cost.
       Q: What are the benefits of implementing basic public health services to the population?
A: Basic public health services cover 1.3 billion people in China, and people's lives and health are closely related. Implementation of the project can promote the improvement of residents' health awareness and changes in the way of life, and gradually establish the concept of self-health management; can reduce the main health risk factors, prevention and control of infectious diseases and chronic diseases and epidemic; can improve public health services and Emergency public health services emergency response capacity, to establish the first barrier to maintain the health of residents, to improve the health of residents have an important role in promoting.

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